Text Box: PIANIST autographs
Text Box: HARMONIE AUTOGRAPHS AND MUSIC INC.

MUSIC AUTOGRAPHS & ANTIQUARIAN
Text Box: MUSIC AUTOGRAPHS AND EPHEMERA BOUGHT AND SOLD

Phone: 212-860-5541† *† Fax: 917-677-8247

 

Price: $150.00

MINT CONDITION

LILI KRAUS - PIANIST

Autographed and inscribed 8Ē x 10Ē glossy photograph at one of her famed master classes, March 31, 1978.

Kraus (1903 - 1986) was one of the finest concert pianists of the 20th Century in the classical period repertory.† She studied at the Budapest Conservatory with Bartok and Kodaly graduating top of her class in 1922 and with Edward Steuermann and Severin Eisenberger at the Vienna Conservatory.† A concert with the Berlin Philharmonic led to Furtwšngler recommending she spend some time with Artur Schnabel and she participated in his master classes in Berlin. After she left the Vienna Conservatory she went back to Budapest for further piano study with Bela Bartok and then made her Concertgebouw debut. She then taught as a Full professor at the Vienna Conservatory for 6 years and whilst there married Austrian businessman and mining engineer Otto Mandl in 1930. (His second marriage, their daughter Ruth was born in August, 1930, so there was a rush to formalize their relationship before the baby arrived.† Their son Michael arrived in 1931.)

Her serious solo career began in the 1930ís where she toured Europe, Asia, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand and also teamed up with violinist Szymon Goldberg and they performed together.† Both Kraus and her husband out of fear of the Naziís moved to the Como region of Italy. (Apparently religion was never discussed and it was only in 1952 that their children whilst in Paris learned they were Jewish.† According to her daughter Ottoís conversion to Catholicism was only a rumor. ) When that became untenable they moved to Great Britain. Otto Mandl arranged for a tour for Kraus and Goldberg in 1940 of Holland, the Dutch East Indies, Australia and New Zealand. While in Djakarta in 1942, the entire family and Goldberg were arrested for attempting to disrupt the Japanese provisional government by the Japanese secret police and separated.† She was eventually given a piano by the camp commandant who knew her recordings, the family were reunited and eventually release by British forces in 1945.† She then spent the next two years touring in Australia and New Zealand where she and her husband became British citizens and he her manager.† She then made a tour of South Africa arriving in Great Britain in 1948.† She made her American debut the following year at Town Hall in New York City and played her Carnegie Hall concert debut with the National Orchestra Association under Leon Barzin, the Schumann Concerto.† By then she was exhausted and she realized she did not have the power she once had at the keyboard, so she went back to England to work on her technique.† During this period the family moved to Paris, then Vienna where she made a number of Beethoven and Mozart concerto recordings with a minor Viennese orchestra for Vox. Her husband was ill and so the family then moved to Nice where he died in 1956. She then moved her family back to London. Under the Management of Hurok Concerts† she appeared again in the United States in recital in 1963.† Her first stop was Carnegie Hall.† An American tour was arranged for 1966/1967 and she went back to New York for a long Town Hall engagement where she played 25 of the 27 Mozart piano concertos with the Mozart Chamber Orchestra under the baton of Stephen Simon.† These concerts made her career and established her as a first rank 20th Century pianist.† In 1968 she played recitals of the complete keyboard works of Mozart.† With a word from Van Cliburn, a piano hero at the time, she was also hired as Artist in Residence at Texas Christian University and decided to permanently reside in the United States.† She also was a perpetual juror at his competitions. She eventually settled with her daughter and her family on a 600 acre farm in Boonville, North Carolina named Celo, Ruthís husband had a medical clinic.† She continued to perform throughout the world and give master classes to near the time of her death.

While Krausís recorded legacy is vast, she recorded the works of Mozart recordings significantly. She also recorded works by; Bartok, Beethoven, Chopin, Haydn, Schubert, Schumann and others on a variety of for the most part major labels.†††

We found an article by Jan K. Herman, a friend of Liliís daughter, the late Ruth Mandl Pope and her husband Dr. Fergus Pope from The Journal of Health and Human Experience vo1. III, #1 entitled ďDr. Schweitzer, I Presume? The Life and Times of Ruth and Fergus PopeĒ extremely helpful in correcting the record on so many issues which are incorrect in Madame Krausís biography. Herman spent considerable time with Ruth discussing what actually happened in her wild early life as a Jewish concert pianistís daughter during World War II and through the 1950ís.† There is information in this short biography you will not find elsewhere, which contradicts what has been published in Krausís on-line biographies and liner note to compact discs.
†††††††