Text Box: HARMONIE AUTOGRAPHS AND MUSIC INC.

MUSIC AUTOGRAPHS & ANTIQUARIAN

Price: $650.00

Text Box: MUSIC AUTOGRAPHS AND EPHEMERA BOUGHT AND SOLD

 NEAR MINT CONDITION

Autographed 6.5” x 8.25” mounted photograph dedicated to his composition student, violist Jean Rogister, October 22, 1900.  The composer has also penned a 6 bar musical quotation of his Elegie for Cello, or Bassoon and Chamber Orchestra.

Radoux (1835-1911) was born in Liége and spent most of his life there.  He studied at the Conservatoire in Liége with Mehul from the age of 9, studying with Leonard Terry and winning a first in theory at the age of 10.  Bassoonist Joseph Bacha who was teaching at the Liége Conservatoire at the time suggested he try the bassoon and after several years won a first and the gold medal on the instrument, as well as a first in solfège and 2nd prize in piano. (There is a story in Wikipedia that he studied cello and piano and gave them up, which is not true.)  He taught bassoon at the Liége Conservatoire from 1855, succeeded Bacha in 1856.  In 1857 Radoux went to Paris to work with Halevy at the Conservatoire and wrote several small works and his second Te Deum.  1859 was his first of many accolades as a composer when he won the Belgian Prix de Rome for his Cantata,  “Le Juif errant”, or “The Wandering Jew”.  The composer writes his first three act opera, a comedy “Le Béarnais” which receives its’ world premiere in Liége in 1867 and then goes on to a huge success in Brussels in 1868.  At this point his star rose and he was in demand throughout Belgium and Holland.  With the death of the Liége Conservatoire Director Étienne Soubre in 1871, he is asked to take on the temporary directorship, which became permanent in 1872.  He was the third Director of the Conservatoire, a position he held until his death in 1911.  He then builds the conservatory hiring top notch musicians to lead the classes and then builds an orchestra there which plays not only Belgian and French music, but the German, Austrian, Italian and Russian symphonic music as well.  He conducts the Belgian premiere of Tchaikovsky’s 2nd Symphony to the composer’s delight with the orchestra.  Radoux also builds the library of the Conservatoire by acquiring his old master Leonard Terry’s expansive music library and also builds an archive of the manuscripts of Liége born composer André Gréty within the library.  But Radoux was not done, he raised the funds and built four buildings on the grounds of the Conservatoire.  Somewhere during this time he also wrote a biography of the Belgian violinist and composer Henri Vieuxtemps.

As a composer, due to his Directorship of the Conservatoire and teaching responsibilities his output was not as great as it might have been, however, his list of works is not small if one considers that many of his works were on a large scale, in addition to the afore mentioned works, he published (This is by no means a complete list); For the stage: “Les Maîtres flamands”, Pièce historique in 4 acts, 1868 and “La Coupe enchantée”, Comic Opera, 1871,   Oratorio and voice and orchestra:  “Fraternité!”, Hymne internationale, 1869; “Caïn”, Poème lyrique for soloists, chorus and orchestra, 1877;  “Patria”, Poème lyrique in 3 parts for soloists, chorus and orchestra; “Cantate pour l'inauguration de l'Exposition universelle de Liège, 1905”; Le Printemps” for female chorus and orchestra.  For Orchestra: “Ahasvire”, Symphonic Poem; “Le festin de Balthasar”, Symphonic Poem; “Apopee nationale”, Symphonic Overture; “Godefroid de Boullion” Symphonic Overture; “Élégie” for cello or bassoon and chamber orchestra; “Lamento” for violin, cello and orchestra and “Nocturne” for trombone and string orchestra.   For concert band: “Grande marche internationale” for concert band. For solo piano: 10 Romances sans paroles for piano and 12 Pièces for piano.  For voice and piano, organ, or a capella: 20 Melodies and “Les vieilles chansons” for mixed chorus and piano, “41 Mélodies sacrées destinées aux Fêtes de la Sainte Vierge et au Mois de Marie” solos, duos, trios, choeurs avec accompt. d'orgue, choeurs sans accompt and “Berceuse ! Poésie d' Auguste de Chatillon” for voice and piano and “Le Spectre de la Rose” for voice and piano, 1875.  For 3 valve Belgian horn, piano and violin: Méditation. Violinist Rodolphe Massart transcribed 6 of Radoux’s solo piano works for violin and piano.

 

Radoux was one of the leading builders of the Belgian Conservatoire system during the second half of the 19th Century.  The photograph is ideal, featuring one of his best known works in the musical quotation.

 

A biography of violist Jean Rogister can be found in our Joseph Guy Ropartz listing.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JEAN-THÉODORE RADOUX  - COMPOSER
Text Box: COMPOSER AUTOGRAPHS

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