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Price: $800.00

FINE CONDITION

GUGLIELMO ANDREOLI & ANTONIO BAZZINI

Two page autographed partial manuscript by the Italian pianist, composer and Milan Conservatory professor as a student at the same conservatory.  The work is a conservatory composition class exercise, the first page of his orchestration of Mendelssohn’s “Venetianisches Gondellied” from “Lieder ohne Worte” op. 30 #6. (Wo010 1837) he has changed the key from A major to B flat major, as well as the tempi.  The final page is allegedly a minuet by Beethoven.  Andreoli has written on the cover, “Mendelssohn e Beethoven/Barcarola e Minuetto/per/Orchestra.  His composition professor Antonio Bazzini has written “Visto” or “seen” and signs on the bottom right.  Each sheet measures 9” x 12.5”, small folio.

 

The manuscript illustrates an example of the course work prescribed by his composition professor Antonio Bazzini (1818-1897). Essentially orchestrating solo works for pianoforte. In 1876 when Andreoli entered the Conservatory Bazzini was a fairly new professor having arrived in 1873.  The Professor’s most famous trio of pupils included Alfredo Catalani, Giacomo Puccini and Pietro Mascagni. Interestingly, the only whining about Bazzini as a Professor we have found is Puccini complaining about the large numbers of fugues he was instructed to write..

 

Guglielmo Andreoli (1862-1935) was the youngest of four brothers, all professional musicians and the son of an organist and music professor.  Guglielmo was a recycled name in the family which had belonged to his eldest brother (1835-1860) a well known concert pianist known as Guglielmo the Elder and then the second Guglielmo as the Younger.  He is often portrayed as “Jr.” which in fact he is not.  Guglielmo the Younger was a pianist, violinist, composer and Milano Conservatorio Professor. His first piano and organ teacher was his father, whom he followed as titular organist at the Buomo di Mirandola after his retirement. He began his conservatory studies in 1876, composition with violinist and Conservatory Director, Antonio Bazzini, organ with Polibio Fumigalli and violin with Giovanni Rampazzini. In 1877, he founded with his older brother Carlo, who due to illness was a full-time professor at the conservatory, a season of orchestral concerts, the Società dei Concerti Sinfonici Popolari.  Those 96 total concerts ran through 1887, when Carlo began exhibiting signs of serious mental illness which led to his retirement in 1891 and confinement to a hospital for the rest of his life.  Guglielmo also played viola in the Quartetto Campaniri with Leandro Campaniri sitting in the first chair. For several years, Guglielmo toured as a pianist and violinist, arriving back in Milan in 1891 hired by his composition professor, Bazzini who was then Director of the Milan Conservatory as a Harmony Professor.  His harmony pupils included conductor and composer, Victor de Sabata.  As a composer, Andreoli wrote a Fantasia for Orchestra which was first conducted by composer Giuseppe Martucci at a concert at La Scala.  He also wrote other orchestral works, a requiem as well as numerous salon works for solo piano some of which have been recorded.  Interestingly Andreoli’s most performed work is his 1884 arrangement for four hands of the younger Giacomo Puccini’s orchestral  work written during his conservatory days, Tre Minuetti per Archi.

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